131- Exodus Chapter 31

Chapter 31

Verses 1-11

The tasks now known that had to be performed in the construction of the sacred objects and vestments, God then indicated that He had appointed two men as leaders and others as helpers in accomplishing these tasks. The name Bezalel means “in God’s shadow,” while Oholiab means “my tent is the Father.” These names show that their parents found sustenance in the presence of God. This heritage certainly must have made an impact upon these men.

Both of these men had been gifted by God to enable them to accomplish the tasks set before them. Bezalel, the apparent leader, as he was listed first and with much greater qualifications, was said to have been filled with the “spirit of God.” As evidence, he had been given “ability,” “intelligence,” “knowledge,” and “craftsmanship.”

God had given abilities and skills to other men that they might be utilized in doing the works necessary for the preparation of the tabernacle and its appointments. Along with their skills came a promise from God that they would be faithful and obedient in their work. “According to all that I have commanded you.”

Verses 12-17

Throughout the Old Testament the observance of the Sabbath was considered an outward sign of Israel’s covenant commitment. It was a sign that God had set them apart unto Himself. The pronouncement of the death penalty for those who violated the Sabbath shows how seriously it must be taken. Though this law was not enforced regularly it was once enforced in the wilderness. (Numbers 15:32-36) the Sabbath laws also served as a bases of early attempts to execute Jesus. (John 5:16-18)

The base for keeping the Sabbath was again set forth as the rest of God from His creation activities. As a memorial to God’s creative activity and as a permanent sign to their covenant relation, they were to keep the Sabbath. For the Christian, the one day in seven which we observe stands as a memorial to the resurrection that symbolizes God’s new creation in Christ Jesus and to our covenant with Him.

Verse 18

With all the instructions Moses needed given by God for the preparation of Israel’s worship facilities, God then gave Moses two “tables of the testimony.” It is generally accepted that what was written in these two tables were the Ten Commandments. When Moses had destroyed them God replaced them. (Exodus 34:28-29)

The expression “written by the finger of God” might offer a possible problem. It may be literal and therefore God would have written these words in stone. On the other hand the expression “This is the finger of God” as used in Exodus 8:19, would indicate that the expression may have referred to the power of God at work through a dedicated Moses. Looking further, when the tablets were replaced, God told Moses “I will write on the tablets the words that were on the former tablets which you shattered.” But when it was done it was done by the command of God. (Exodus 34:27-28) Either way the point is the same: The message came from God and with His authority.

Key Verses

Numbers 15:32-36, John 5:16-18


Exodus Chapter 31

Academic Administrator for Durant Bible College Pastor's Assistant First Baptist Church of Durant Clerk First Baptist Church of Durant