101-112-Genesis Part 2 Chapter 12
Genesis Part Two
You can download this course and take the quiz online. Genesis Part 2
Chapters 12 through 27
Abraham is the founding father of the Jewish nation. He was a man of great faith and obedience to the Will of God. His name, Abraham, means Father of a multitude. The original name of Abraham was Abram which means, exalted father, but after God made a covenant with him his name was changed by God to Abraham. God’s promise was that his descendants would become a great nation and that through this nation all nations of the earth would be blessed.
Before God changed the name of Abraham God visited him when he was at the age of seventy-five promising to bless him and make his offspring a mighty nation. All that Abraham had to do was obey God and do what He told him.
This was the beginning of the promise God made with Abraham. This was also a test of Abraham’s faith as he was fatherless because his wife Saria was barren. Later Saria’s name was also changed by God to Sarah. Abraham displayed a complete faith in God’s Word and left his family and moved to an unknown land call Canaan.
Abraham’s nephew, Lot, went with him on the journey to the Promised Land that God had sent him to. He settled there in a land filled with pagans as a rancher and shepherd. Abraham’s faith did wavier at times as he remained fatherless and endured time of testing of his faith.
Famine struck Canaan and instead of waiting for God’s provision Abraham packed up and moved to a land called Egypt. Abraham lied about his relationship with Sarah and told the Pharaoh that she was his sister. Pharaoh became attracted to Sarah and exchanged gifts with Abraham for his sister Sarah. This placed Sarah in danger; and Abraham’s deceptive plan had backfired.
God remained faithful to his promise to Abraham and caused a disease to fall on Pharaoh and his family, revealing to him that Sarah must be returned to Abraham.
As time continued to pass Abraham and Sarah questioned the promise of God. At the urging of Sarah Abraham slept with her Egyptian maid servant Hagar, which gave birth to Ishmael. Ishmael was not the son that God had promised to Abraham and Sarah and God returned to Abraham when he was ninety-nine years old.
God reminded Abraham of His promise and a year later Isaac was born to Abraham and Sarah.
God brought more test of faith to Abraham, including a second time that Abraham lied about his relationship to Sarah. This time is was to another King named Abimelech. The biggest test of Abraham’s faith came when God asked him to sacrifice his son Isaac on the altar.
This time Abraham fully obeyed God trusting that God would raise Isaac from the dead or provide an alternative sacrifice. The death of Isaac would have contradicted every promise that God had made with Abraham. God did at the last minute proved a ram for the sacrifice. Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son Isaac is the most striking testament to faith and trust found in the Bible.
Abraham is the great patriarch of the Israelite nation and the father of many nations. To the New Testament believers Abraham is the father of us all. (Romans 4:16)
Abraham was born in the city of Ur which was located in present day Iraq. He traveled with his family to Haran in present day Turkey and remained there until his father’s death. Abraham’s father was Terah and direct descendant of Noah through Shem. Abraham had two brothers named Nahor and Haran. When God called Abraham he moved to Canaan and remained there for most of his days here on earth.
The Seven Promises God Made To Abraham
- God would show to Abraham and give to him a special land.
- Abraham, though still childless, would become the father of a great nation.
- God would richly bless Abraham.
- God would make his name great.
- Abraham would become a blessing also to others.
- According to their attitude toward Abraham, people would receive either God’s blessing or His curse.
- In Abraham all the families of the earth would be blessed.
It is important to take note of the final promise first. The final promise is the meaning and purpose of the first six promises. All the other promises must be kept in close connection to the final promise. Only this would Abraham’s faith in the first promises becomes a faith that reckons him to righteousness through faith. Only in this manner can Abraham’s faith be considered in these promises in the account of Genesis. For example in Genesis 15:6, Abram believed that his descendants would be as numerous as the stars of heaven. God counted this faith unto him as righteousness. This is the only way that the families of the earth could be blessed through Abram. It was through the seed of Abram that the savior of the world would come. The seed of the woman, Eve, whom God said in Paradise would overcome the curse and power of Satan from his victory over man through sin. This was the meaning as Paul writes in his letter to the Galatians in 3:8, “The Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel beforehand to Abraham, saying, “All the nations will be blessed in you.” Through these promises God revealed His Saviors heart to Abram, God’s deep desire to give salvation to a lost world of sinners.
To this point those of us who live in the light of these promises, their content is continually being revealed to us. When God chose Abraham to play his part in God’s plan of salvation, Abraham’s name would forever remain at the forefront. When and wherever the gospel is preached, not only the name of Abraham but the temporal and spiritual blessings that God placed upon him will be remembered. Abraham lived in God’s protection, as God’s purpose was to bring about His plan of salvation through Abraham. By God’s intensive care He trained Abraham in faith and gave him a great blessing in the spirit. By Abraham’s steadfastness in faith truly all the nations of the earth have been blessed in that from Abraham, in the flesh, God the man in the person of Jesus Christ, our redeemer, came forth. Jesus came to save that which was lost and took away the sin of the world, not only ours, but all sin. It is true that all who bless Abram shall also be blessed, as they see their peace and eternal hope through the Savior who God brought forth through Abraham. However those who think lightly of Abraham and denies the salvation that through Abraham came forth will perish under the curse of sin. God’s chosen people, Israel, were the gospel message until Jesus was born of the Virgin Mary. Even now Abraham is the spiritual father of the Israel of God, the Christians who are the adopted sons of God through the Messiah Jesus Christ.
Abraham did not know all the details as we know them today but he was able to see through these promises the revelation of God’s grace. Jesus said in John 8:56, “Your father Abraham rejoiced to see My day, and he saw it and was glad.” Abraham knew that the goal of all these promises was the gift of salvation to all mankind. In that vision Abraham was glad because it gave him comfort against sin and death. By this measure Abraham trusted in the same gospel that we have our faith in today. Abraham’s faith in the coming savior enabled him to have faith in all the other promises God had given him. Paul writes in 2 Corinthians 1:20, “For as many as are the promises of God, in Him they are yes; therefore also through Him is our Amen to the glory of God through us.”
Abram’s father Terah was given to idol worship and his family followed him in this practice. God saw that Abram was a faithful man and called him to leave his family and travel to a land that God would show him. At first Abram did not answer God’s call but after his father’s death he determined to serve God and He and his wife Saria packed up and left for the land of God’s choosing. Because of Abram’s faith and obedience in God’s command God made six promises to Abram. God promised to make Abram a great nation, that God would bless Abram, that Abram’s name would be great, that Abram would be a blessing, that God would bless those who blessed him and curse those who cursed him, and that through Abram all the families of the earth would be blessed.
God telling Abram to leave his family was God’s way of protecting his future chosen people. It is a principle that those who are in the faith with God should not be in the company of the wicked. As a follower of God Abram would be set aside and on a different path than the unrighteous and what does good have to do with evil. Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 6:17 that we are to come out from the midst of evil and be separate from them. Jesus Said that anyone who leaves their family and possessions for His sake will receive many more times that and eternal life. God’s call to Abram is much the call to the Gospel that we here in the New Testament. “And I will make you a great nation.” As followers of Jesus we are adopted sons of God and part of God’s chosen people the Israelite nation. We are a royal priesthood, a holy nation, and a people of God’s possession. “And I will bless you” by turning away from this world and following Jesus we have an inheritance in the glory of God’s Kingdom. “And make your name great.” In Romans 8:30 Paul writes that whom God calls he will justify and those whom He has justified He will glorify. “And so you shall be a blessing.” We are called to glorify God and we do that by preaching His gospel to every nation. “And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse.” Jesus promised to be with us always and he will reward those who reward us and deny those who deny us. “And in you all the families of the earth will be blessed.” we are to shine the light of truth through us to a darkened world that by our testimony they may come to a saving knowledge of Jesus Christ.
Through the posterity of Abram we have the bible, a Savior, and the gospel. The nation spawned by Abram’s seed is the stock that the Christian church is grafted.
Abram and his wife, Saria, along with Abram’s nephew Lot, and company traveled to the land of Canaan. They left the life of home and family behind following God’s command. Abram’s obedience to God’s Word was a sacrifice of the security they had and trust in God for what lay ahead would be a better life. Abram also knew that disobedience to God’s call would cause nothing but misery. It is much like the call of God today. We are not traveling to Canaan but to a far grander land, the Kingdom of Heaven. Whatever the sacrifices we must make along the way, even death, is a small payment compared to the riches of His glory. Abram persevered and reached the land of Canaan. We are told in our walk of faith with Jesus we must persevere for there is no greater prize and our eternal lives depend upon it.
Abram traveled on in the land of the Canaanites who were not a good people to have as neighbors. Abram was a stranger in that land and of different belief than the Canaanite people. Much as we are today, journeying through this world on our way to the next in God’s Kingdom. Much as the writer of Hebrews said in Hebrews 8:13-14 that we are exiles on this earth seeking a land of our own. When Abram reached the sight of Shechem at the Oak of Moreh, God appeared to him and promised the land of Canaan to his descendants. In praise to God Abram built an altar and worshiped God. Abram did not have much conversation with the Canaanites but God did not leave him uncomforted and communed with him. Abram had an abundance of communion through prayer and worship. Abram seemed to have the correct concept of God’s plan for him. Abram was now in this strange land which God had promised to his descendants but he saw this as a grant to the true Promised Land to come. That is a land found in the heavenly home of God’s Kingdom. This acceptance of this concept is revealed in Hebrews 11:16. Abram continued in the land of Canaan to grow his family and those in close proximity to worship and faith in the Lord.
Famine came to the land of Canaan, as no place on this earth is free from tribulation. Abram journeyed to Egypt to seek relief from the famine. It was not Abram’s intention to forsake the land that God had promised him but only to sojourn there until the famine had passed from the land of Canaan. Abram feared for his life, as his wife Saria was a very beautiful woman. Abram feared that he would be killed if they knew that she was his wife so that they could take her freely. The servants of Pharaoh reported to him of her beauty. Abram confessed Saria as his sister and Pharaoh took her into his own house. Abram had lied to the Pharaoh and now had lost his wife Saria to him. Abram was noted for his faith in the Lord God. Yet in a weakness of his trust in Divine protection he let his faith waver. When we show our faith to be weak and fall into sin and folly we bring the chastisement of a loving Father upon us. Least we ruin ourselves. For those whom the Lord loves He disciplines. (Hebrews 12:6) “But the LORD struck Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Saria, Abram’s wife.” Pharaoh’s reproof of Abram was a just reaction to what Abram had done. Abram was known as a man of faith. If we claim a faith in righteousness then we mock our Lord by being deceptive and lying. Pharaoh sent Abram and Saria away, he told his men not to harm them but to escort them away.