113-132 Isaiah Chapter 32

Chapter 32

The Glorious Future

Verse 1

In chapter 31 God gave Judah the assurance that Assyria would be judged and that Judah would be delivered. The Lord not only wanted to remove the threat from Judah but also wanted to bless them with a righteous king. As the Lord spoke this promise, “Behold, a king will reign in righteousness.”

It is likely the prophecy of Isaiah chapters 32-33 were given before the time of the prophecy in chapters 30-31. Both of the prophecies look at the time of the Assyrian invasion of Judah but chapters 30-31 were given in the time of Hezekiah as the time of the invasion nears. Bible commentators agree the righteous king was Hezekiah which means this prophecy was made at the beginning of Isaiah’s prophetic career during the reign of King Ahaz. Yet, it is also possible that the prophecy of chapter 32-33 was given during Hezekiah’s reign and the prophecy spoke of King Josiah the great-grandson of Hezekiah. King Hezekiah reigned during the Assyrian threat. King Josiah was a righteous king. (2 Kings 22:2)

King Hezekiah fulfills the prophecy as he reigned in righteousness. It is written of King Hezekiah that he did what was right in the sight of the Lord. “He did right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his father David had done. He trusted in the LORD, the God of Israel; so that after him there was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor among those who were before him. For he clung to the LORD; he did not depart from following Him, but kept His commandments, which the LORD had commanded Moses.” (2 Kings 18:3, 5-6)

King Hezekiah is a small picture of the King of kings. “Behold, the days are coming,” declares the LORD, “When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; And He will reign as king and act wisely And do justice and righteousness in the land.” (Jeremiah 23:5) “This seems to have been delivered in the time of Ahaz and to speak of Hezekiah, and of his righteousness and happy government. But withal, as Hezekiah and his reign was an eminent type of Christ and of his kingdom; so this prophecy looks through Hezekiah unto Christ.” (Poole)

Having a righteous king is a start but it is not enough. A righteous king must have righteous princes under him who will rule with him in justice. King Hezekiah had such helpers. He had Eliakim, Shebna the scribe, the elders and the priest, and he had Isaiah. (2 Kings 19:2)

If King Hezekiah points to Jesus, then who were the princes of Jesus? The followers of Jesus are His princes. “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light.” (1 Peter 2:9) In this world, we suffer many a trial and suffer many a pain but their purpose may be found in the world to come. Here we are training to become faithful princes to rule with Jesus our King. (Revelation 5:10)

Verses 2-4

During the reign of King Hezekiah, there was a spiritual renewal like rivers of water in dry places. The eyes of the spiritually blind were opened and the spiritual ears could once again hear. When Jesus reigns it will be even more glorious for us as well. He will be our shelter in the storm, water in a dry place, and a shadow in a dry land.

The spiritual renewing during the reign of King Hezekiah increased the trust of the people in the Word of God and their heats were changed. The Lord God would bless them in miraculous ways in that the stammering tongue was able to speak.

Verses 5-8

During this spiritual renewal, spiritual realities will be exposed to all. There will be no more deception as the fools will be exposed to be fools. The generous will be exposed for their generosity. Righteousness and wickedness will be seen as they are and regarded accordingly. “Wickedness shall be discovered and punished wheresoever it is, and virtue shall be manifested and rewarded, and all things shall be managed with sincerity and simplicity.” (Poole)

Complacent Women Warned of Disaster

Verses 9-11

The people had to prepare themselves to receive the righteous king. The women that were at ease and the complacent daughters had to become ready for the coming of the righteous king. “According to Isaiah, there is nothing wrong with feeling secure and undisturbed as long as one’s trust is solidly based on the Lord.” (Wolf) Instead of being indulgent in their self-centered lives they would be required to tremble, to become troubled, and to put on the clothing of mourning.

Verses 12-14

With the Assyrian invasion coming God would use the tough times to wake the people of Judah up. The vineyards would fail and there would be no gathering of the grapes. The people shall mourn for there once pleasant fields and fruitful vines. All the people will feel the effect of the tough times that lay ahead.

Verse 15

God uses these tough times during the invasion of the Assyrians to humble the people into mourning. This was in preparation for God to pour out His Spirit upon them. It is only the Spirit of God that makes a difference in the tough times. When we are in tough time they will remain until we are humbled and the Spirit of God is poured out upon us. God wanted to do more than just a few drops of His mercy for His people, He wanted to pour out His Spirit upon them. The outpouring of the Spirit of God can only come from on high. It does not come from any effort of man. It comes from Heaven on high.

When the Holy Spirit is poured out what was once desolate and barren will now be full of life and bear fruit. This is where true fruitfulness comes to the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. When the Holy Spirit is poured out what was once a fruitful field becomes better as a forest.

Verses 16-20

This is the way of life when the Spirit of the Lord is poured out upon His people. We should not be satisfied with what claims to be the Spirit of God, things that are not marked by the fruit of the spirit. “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law.” (Galatians 5:22-23) If we lack these things, then we should ask the Lord to pour out His Spirit upon us.

When we have God’s Spirit poured out upon us we live on a principle higher than circumstances. In times of humiliation, it will not matter to those who have the Spirit of God poured out upon them.



Academic Administrator for Durant Bible College Pastor's Assistant First Baptist Church of Durant Clerk First Baptist Church of Durant

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