The Deliverance of Israel
Isaiah continues with his theme that began in chapter 24 the day when the Messiah comes in triumph and rules.
This brings us back to the theme of Isaiah 24 through 27 in general, the day when the Kingdom of the Messiah ultimately triumphs and rules. The ultimate triumph of the Lord is the day that the Messiah returns in His victory over Leviathan the fleeting serpent. There are some that connect Leviathan with ancient myths from nations near Israel. “The language used draws on mythology, but this need cause us no serious problem. Writers, whether of Scripture or otherwise, frequently use the illustrative material, drawing that material from a wide variety of sources: nature, history, mythology, or literature. The use of mythology here simply shows that Isaiah and his readers knew the mythological stories, not that they believed them. If a modern historian referred to a fierce and aggressive nation as ‘a great dragon,’ would his readers assume he believed in the objective existence of such creatures? Surely not!” (Grogan)
Isaiah is not farfetched in his use of Leviathan in this passage. If Satan could make himself known to Eve as a serpent in the Garden of Eden, then why not be known as a sea-dragon? What we learn of Leviathan is that he is identified as a serpent that is resisting God. He is twisting as if to be coiling to be ready to strike. We also learn the Leviathan is a creature of the sea. We also learn that his destiny is to be destroyed by the Lord.
Leviathan is found in other Scriptures in the Bible. We find the mention of Leviathan in Job 3:8; Job 42; Psalm 74:14; and Psalm 104:26. These passages reinforce Leviathan as a mighty serpent creature that is connected with the sea who resist God and will be crushed by the Lord. In Genesis 3:1-5 Satan is a serpent in the Garden of Eden but here in Isaiah Satan is a serpent of the sea. It may be that in different points of history Satan manifests himself in different creatures. In the book of Revelation uses the imagery of Satan as the Antichrist. (Revelation 13:1-4) In the end, Satan will be defeated by the Messiah.
When the Kingdom of the Messiah comes He will keep the vineyard of Israel with great care. The Lord shall water His vineyard and protect it from harm. The Lord will be in constant guard over His vineyard against all enemies and will force them to make peace with His vineyard. The people of God can only be fruitful when in the strength of the Lord. When people hold on to their own strength they find themselves in weakness. “I am the vine, you are the branches; he who abides in Me and I in him, he bears much fruit, for apart from Me you can do nothing.” (John 15:5)
“Verse 5 is a neglected OT promise of forgiveness to the penitent. In verse 4 the God of battles is marching against the briers and the thorns with a flaming torch in his hand. He is about to set fire to this rank undergrowth, but before doing so he proclaims the alternative of peace.” (Grogan)
The nation of Israel shall be blessed because of the Lord’s actions and will fill the world with fruit. This is what will be fulfilled in the Kingdom of the Messiah but if we surrender to His will now it could happen today in our lives. We can become a part of His vineyard now and He will care for us and we shall enjoy His blessings. John 15:1-8 “Whereas the vineyard in chapter 5 was overrun by thorns, not a brier or thorn can be found in this vineyard.” (Wolf)
The Lord shows His mercy towards Israel in that as He struck Israel when they went astray He did not strike them as severely as He struck other nations. The Lord ultimately shows His mercy that all of Israel will be saved when the Messiah comes. (Romans 11:26) The Lord also shows His mercy when He destroys the altars of idolatry and their images that the people will not be able to worship them.
The city of man, the world system, will be made desolate by the judgments of God. Knowing this why would we place our hope in the world system? The city of man will be made desolate as a wilderness and only useful for a burning fire. “In [Isaiah] 10:33-34, God goes into battle against the great trees, lopping the boughs from them with his ax. Here the undergrowth feels the shriveling heat of his anger.” (Grogan)
The judgment against the city of man will be terrible. Instead of having the Lord’s favor the citizens of the city of man will be shown no favor from God.
The people of God will be gathered together. They will come from the nations of Assyria and Egypt to worship the Lord on His holy mount at Jerusalem.