101-103-Genesis Part 1 Chapter 3
The fall of Man
A Biopic of Our Adversary
Who is Satan?
God created Satan as a Cherub, the most powerful of Angelic beings. At a point in time after Satan’s creation, but before the creation of man, Satan rebelled against God and took a third of the Angels with him. Satan’s angels are called demons.
What does Satan look like?
Satan has been pictured as a red devil in a red suit with horns and a short pointed tail. Many times as an amusing cartoon character that can bring a smile to the face. Satan probably likes this as it draws attention away from his true nature. Satan was a Cherub and the most beautiful of all of God’s angelic beings. Satan is adorned in precious stones. (Ezekiel 28:12-18)
A cherub is a large creature, up to 18 feet in height with 8 foot long wings. (Exodus 25:20 1 Kings 8:6-7) The Prophet Ezekiel described a Cherub as having four wings and under the wings was human like hands. (Ezekiel 10:8) All surfaces of the Cherub are covered with eyes. (Ezekiel 10:12) A Cherub has four faces, the face a Cherub, a man, a face of a lion, and the face of an eagle. (Ezekiel 10:14)
The fall of Satan
Satan was created as a perfect being full of wisdom and completely righteous. Satan fell because of the love for his beauty and his boastful pride. Satan wanted to be worshiped as the Most High. (Ezekiel 28:12-18 Isaiah 14:12-14) As a result there was a rebellion in heaven and Satan convinced one third of the angels to rebel with him. Michael, an archangel of God’s, fought with his angels against Satan and defeated him and cast him and his demons out of heaven and down to earth. (Revelation 12:3-9)
Satan’s continued rebellion
Satan continues to rebel against God to this day. Satan hates God’s plans and desires God’s creation to worship him.
Comparison between Jesus and Satan
|Purpose||Lead people to salvation Luke 4:43||Lead people into rebellion Ephesians 2:1-2|
|Methods||Tell people the truth
|Tell people lies
|Motivation||Love John 15:9||Hate 1 John 3:10|
|Followers experience||Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control Galatians 5:22-23||Sexual immorality, impurity, debauchery, idolatry, witchcraft hatred, discord, jealousy, fits of rage, selfish ambition, dissensions, envy, drunkenness, orgies Galatians 5:19-21 Acts 13:10 Ephesians 2:1-2
|Following leads to||Freedom from sin Luke 4:18 John 8:31-36 Romans 8:2||Enslaved to sin 2 Timothy 2:25-26 Acts 10:38 Luke 13:16|
Satan’s ultimate fate
Satan will remain in rebellion against God until the very end. Eventually Satan will be able to empower a world leader, (Beast) who will rise from a gentile nation. The beast will be given powers by Satan to perform signs and wonders. (2 Timothy 2:25-26) A false prophet will also arise and be given power by Satan and will deceive many people to worship him. (Revelation 13:1-5 Revelation 16:13-14) The beast and the false prophet will convince the world leaders to make war against God and his people. (Revelation 19:19) Their efforts to defeat God will be futile and the army’s of the world will be defeated in the Battle of Armageddon. The beast and the false prophet will be thrown into the lake of fire. (Revelation 19:20) Satan will be locked up for one thousand years, (Revelation 20:2-3) and Jesus will rule the earth from His city of Jerusalem with the Saints. (Revelation 20:4) At the end of the one thousand year rule of Jesus Satan is released and once again deceives the rulers of the world. Satan convinces them to battle against Jesus. The battle is short as fire comes down from heaven and consumes the rebels. (Revelation 20:7-10) Satan is then bound and thrown into the lake of fire forever and ever. At that time the Saints of Jesus judge the angels who joined the rebellion. (1 Corinthians 6:2-3)
The Word of God is the way to overcome Satan. (1 John 2:14)Satan knows the Word of God and will flee from it. When Jesus was tempted by Satan Jesus used scripture to overcome him. (Matthew 1:1-11) Paul writes in Ephesians that the sword of the spirit, the Word of God, is our offensive weapon against Satan. (Ephesians 6:13-17) Christians resist Satan by learning and memorizing the Word of God so we cannot be deceived by Satan. (Ephesians 6:13-17 John 8:44)
The eternal God, almighty, Gracious, and all knowing created all in perfect harmony according to His will and purpose for the benefit of man. God created man in His own image, a special object of His love and whom He draws unto Himself.
How Man Was Seduced by Satan to Spurn God’s Love and Goodness
In looking at verse Genesis 3:1 the first striking thing is that Moses records that the serpent was craftier than any beast of the field. The first point is that it was a serpent, a snake; a creation of God in that Moses compared it to a beast of the field. The serpent was a common creation not a special creation with a special purpose. Man was the only creation of God that had the ability to reason yet the serpent was called crafty by Moses with the ability to speak. So it comes quickly to us that we are dealing with more than a mere serpent in this passage.
Adam who had named all the animals in a correct manner in harmony with the mind of God knew that a serpent could not speak and we must assume that Eve would have known also.
Satan speaking through the serpent revealed himself to be an enemy of God by denying God’s Word and questioning God’s goodness. God does not always reveal everything to us in His Word in one set of passages. But in searching the scriptures we know that is was Satan speaking through the serpent as we read in 2 Corinthians 11:3 as Paul writes, “But I am afraid that, as the serpent deceived Eve by his craftiness, your minds will be led astray from the simplicity and purity of devotion to Christ.” Paul warns us in 2 Corinthians 11:14 to not be marveled by the tricks of Satan. “No wonder, for even Satan disguises himself as an angel of light.” Satan is a master at deception.
John in Revelation also makes note of man’s fall by the deception of that old serpent called Satan in Revelation 12:9. John again connects Satan to the serpent in Revelation 20:2. Jesus declared in John 8:44 that Satan is the father of lies.
We can see already in verse 1 that Satan is already twisting the truth of God’s Word with a question. “Indeed, has God said, ‘You shall not eat from any tree of the garden’?” Satan has no Devine understanding of a commandment of God as an opportunity for man to show his love and thankfulness, and exercise joyful obedience to His loving creator.
Satan’s question is either or. Did God really say that they could not eat of the fruit of the trees? Did God really place this prohibition that they could not eat of the trees in the garden? Is God really not good, is He really not concerned with their welfare and their happiness? This is a basic deception Satan uses on all of us. All the commandments of God, all the rules we must follow, are they really all for our good?
Satan’s plan is to make Eve uncertain of God’s Word. If Satan can confuse Eve then it will be all that much easier to cause her to transgress the Word of God. Satan’s implication is if God did place this prohibition then God is not being good. Satan’s effort is to sow suspicion concerning God’s goodness and love.
In Verse 2 and 3 Eve defended her faith by stating that they were allowed to eat of the trees in the garden, that God had made abundant provision for them, and the restriction of not being allowed to eat of the tree in the midst of the garden was not burdensome at all.
Eve added in here statement that God had said that if they ate of the tree in the mist of the garden that they would die. This commandment of God was not a threat in order to enforce obedience but to state the consequence of evil. Up to now with Adam and Eve being righteous and in harmony with God there was no thought of disobedience. Temptation to disobey God had never entered into the mind of Adam and Eve. God’s words of the consequences of evil were a loving warning to Adam and Eve. By man’s free will to choose what was pleasing to God he could be confirmed in the rejection and abhorrence of evil even as this is true of the holy angels.
In verse 4 Satan twisted Eve’s words into a wrong thought. Satan chose to understand Eve’s words to mean to say the evil consequence of disobedience was a motivation for obedience. God did not assert this as a motivation and is not pleasing or acceptable in God’s sight. The fear of consequence should not move a child of God to do God’s will. The fear of consequence has a use only in curbing the Old Adam for us who have one. Sinless Eve did not have a need for such a curb.
Yet Satan did play on Eve’s words with the next temptation. Satan said, “You surely will not die!” this is a distortion of what God had said. In verse Genesis 2:17 God said, “For in the day that you eat from it you will surely die.” Satan went on speaking as he had a better knowledge of God than Eve saying in verse 5, “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” Satan here is implying that God is being jealous and withholding something desirable from Adam and Eve. Instead of being a good and gracious God He is withholding knowledge they can obtain enabling them to be like Him. Satan is implying that God does not want man to be like him and know the difference between good and evil.
The suggestion of Satan is then that Eve disobeys God and eats of the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. The benefit for Adam and Eve would be that they would have the knowledge of good and evil and be like God. Verse 5 reads, “For God knows that in the day you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”
By obeying God’s Word Adam and Eve would have remained in a childlike trust, man, like God, would have increased their knowledge of good. Entering into complete obedience of God’s Word day to day with their whole mind, heart, and exercise of their will and they would have experienced how good it is to be in the complete will of God. They would have confirmed their devotion to that which was good and would have been less likely to fall into temptation. The angels of God are confirmed in that which is good and so shall we once we reach heaven.
To be aware of evil, to consider the possibility of falling into evil and all of its consequences, and by rejecting to have any part of it by mind, heart, and will showing their humility in joyful faith and love, man would have gained a wholesome knowledge of evil. God knows evil without having anything to do with it in this way. It is the same way that the angels know evil without having any part of it.
Satan tempted Eve with a path of disobedience to gain the knowledge of good and evil, a path Satan left undetermined, which became something quite different. By Eve’s submission to the temptation it became knowledge of good that was lost and a knowledge of evil experienced in all of its cursed reality.
The father of lies, Satan, has put into motion the basic lie that underlies all sin and has thrown the world into the delusions of sin. The lie that God is not good and His will is not good. No longer does man believe that his welfare and happiness is dependent upon God. No longer does man see the need for humble, joyful trust and doing God’s will in joyful, thankful love. It is the lie that man can make his own happiness on his own and putting his own judgment and will against Gods. Satan was the first advocate of this new morality that man has bought into today. A present morality that denies an absolute authority, an absolute standard of conduct that was established by God, who is man’s creator. God is the creator and man is the creature who owes his existence to God and therefore owes his obedience to God.
Eve was faced with a choice, as she had a free will. Eve was created in God’s image in the bond of perfect love. She had the choice to remain in the will of God out of thankful love for her creator. Her life thus far was in the experience of God’s beautiful creation, the wonderful home He had provided for her, the bond of her marriage to Adam in which God had joined her. All that she had ever known testified to the goodness of God and testified against Satan’s bold lie.
We see in verse 6 that Eve turned away from God’s goodness. She gave up her trust in God. Eve accepted Satan’s lie and disobeyed God’s command. Then Eve persuaded Adam to share in her guilt. We cannot explain her sin, as it will always remain a mystery. We can explain our own sinning. From the fall of Adam and Eve we are tainted with an inherited sin nature, no longer are we in a perfect relationship with God the creator. Through our sinful flesh Satan tempts us with his lies daily in our weakness.
When Man Had Become Unfaithful, the Lord our God Remained Faithful in His Love Gen. 3:7-24
The Lord sought out His fallen creatures in solicitous love to lay bare their guilt, while they revealed their depraved condition.
Verses 7 reads, “Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loin coverings.” Now their eyes were opened to the knowledge of good and evil, but not like Satan had said and in a way that God did not intend. Their knowledge of good was a goodness lost. No longer were they in harmony with the will of God. No longer were they holy and righteous in the eyes of God. Their knowledge of good and evil was from the standpoint of sinners. They knew good as something they had lost and evil as an experience in its full crudeness, they felt their corruption.
Now they were aware of their nakedness. In Genesis 2:25 Adam and Eve had been joined together in marriage yet they were naked. While they were still in harmony with God’s will and all of their drives and impulses were as God had created them. Their sexual inclines were in full harmony with God’s will. They practiced these impulses in perfect love for God and for each other.
Now after losing God’s image and becoming sinful they no longer had full control of their desires. Selfish, self-gratifying desires in their sexual relationship began to enter into their minds. Guilty feelings began to fester in their hearts and they had a sense of shame come over them. They made loincloths to cover themselves with fig leaves. Without intending to do so they confessed their guilt by covering themselves. The seed of death and corruption was now in their hearts, which would grow into physical and eternal death, an everlasting separation from God. Adam and Eve had also brought spiritual death upon themselves, a separation from God’s fellowship.
We read in verse eight, “They heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden”. .Adam and Eve heard God approaching in the evening of the day and they hid themselves from His presence. Normally Adam and Eve would have rejoiced by a visit from their God and Lord. Now they were in fear of His rebuke and judgment for their disobedience. With their fear they had again unintentionally showed their guilt for what they had done. It was folly on their part to try and hide from God in a vain attempt to protect themselves from God’s just judgment for their sin. Here is the beginning of man’s foolishness in a futile attempt of somehow rescuing and saving himself from God’s just judgment by his own efforts. Man continues in vain to try and resolve his sinful nature by his own efforts today.
In verse nine God called out to Adam and asked where he was. God did not leave Adam to suffer what he justly deserved but sought him out to make him fully bear the guilt of his sin and make him aware of it. God did this to prepare Adam for a new program conceived out of God’s love for His creation. The Lord God wanted to present His gracious plan of salvation. God’s question of “Where are you?” was not because God did not know but for man’s sake to bring Adam to a full realization of the trouble into which sin has brought him.
In verse ten Adam revealed his sinfulness. Adam revealed by first his fear of God and by being ashamed of his nakedness. Adam sought refuge in a half-truth in that he did not confess to God what he had done. Adam tried to use the excuse of being naked as the reason for his fear.
Verses eleven and twelve God continues to question Adam as to who had told him he was naked. Yet Adam did not give God a straightforward answer and tried to shift the responsibility to Eve who God had given him. Adam supposed to question God why He would give him a companion that would mislead him. Avoiding the truth by the use of excuses are never the right way and only serve to obviously shift our responsibilities else ware. Eve’s sin and guilt were real but it did not excuse Adam from his sin or guilt. Adam was the head and leader and should not have yielded to her persuasion. Sin separates people as sin is essentially selfish. Adams excuse was disgraceful as he not only tried to blame Eve but also God himself. When we lose our trust in God we also lose our love for God, and where there is no love for God, a real selfless love for others fades with it. Adam also fell to ingratitude towards God for what he once felt a wonderful gift from God, Eve.
In verse thirteen neither did Eve give God a true confession of her sin. Though she admits eating of the tree she attempts to shift the blame and responsibility to the serpent. By Adam and Eve’s lack of true confession for what they had done they revealed their depraved condition because of the now sin in their lives. They were not willing to confess their sin and acknowledge their guilt and confess it in all humility.
The Lord announced the new program of His faithful love, a program of saving grace.
We are reminded here in verse fourteen that the serpent was present in the Garden of Eden. The serpent is a beast and was not a rational being so that if God is speaking to the serpent then He must be speaking to a rational being. God spoke to the serpent as a rational being which means there was a rational being present, which was Satan himself. By God’s Word there was a curse placed upon the serpent. We do not know what form or appearance the serpent had before the curse but from this day forward his appearance would forever be changed. God cursed the serpent among all the cattle and the beast of the field in that now he would move upon his belly. Now being the lowest of all the beast he would also eat dust for all the days of his life. Slithering on the ground as the serpent must now do it would be impossible for him to not ingest dust as he moved. This mode of moving was a sign of humiliation and defeat forever to be degraded in the eye of man. It is not important to know the serpent’s former self but that his present self is a result and reminder to man of the wicked, fatal deed in which the serpent was involved as an instrument of Satan.
Even though God is speaking to a serpent the words spoken by God symbolized upon the serpent the judgment of Satan for his treachery in the Garden of Eden. Two other verses in the bible bring this reality to view. In Micah 7:17 we read, “They will lick the dust like a serpent, Like reptiles of the earth. They will come trembling out of their fortresses; To the LORD our God they will come in dread And they will be afraid before You.” Here Micah is describing the complete humiliation and defeat of the enemies of God’s people. In Psalm 72:9 we also read, “Let the nomads of the desert bow before him, And his enemies lick the dust.” God holds no mercy for Satan only judgment and punishment as compensation for his violation of God’s majesty.
Satan had thought he had gained a victory in his displeasure with God’s creation. Satan had caused the woman to disobey God’s Word and submit to his lie. Eve had given up her trust in God and also her obedience. No doubt Satan was rejoicing and thought it would always be that way. In verses fifteen God is still addressing Satan and said He would put enmity between him and the woman. Instead of trust and obedience Satan thought he had God placed hostility and hatred between him and the woman. This is not the first enmity seen in the world. Adam and Eve had already displayed enmity in their new morality towards God. We saw how Adam and Eve were in fear of God when they heard Him walking in the garden, how they refused to accept the responsibility for their disobedience of God’s will. We also saw how enmity was placed between Adam and Eve as Adam shifted the blame to Eve for his part in their sin. This enmity between Adam and Eve towards God is misdirected. If man was to be helped, then this enmity would have to be placed upon the correct person rather than God or each other. Man must again in humble faith see God as his faithful friend. Man would have to direct his enmity to the true deceiver, Satan, the father of lies. Man would continue to be mistaken in all things, continue to misuse and misjudge all things, if he did not readjust his attitude that God was his Lord.
Note that God in His foreknowledge knew that Eve could not be able to view Satan with complete enmity. Note that God said “I” will put enmity between you and the woman. Proper enmity was now established by God’s divine activity by His own initiative. This enmity was not something that man could promote on his own and therefore there was no other way than for God to establish it.
For Satan this was an announcement of judgment and defeat. All Satan could do was listen as God did not invite him to a response. As soon as God had made His pronouncement to the tempter the conversation returned to Eve and Adam who had already been drawn into the conversation with His searching questions. It is evident that this establishment of enmity between Eve and Satan was both for the benefits of Adam and Eve in the revelation of God’s unmerited yet triumphant saving grace.
Is this divinely established enmity between only two individuals, the serpent and the woman? Would this enmity come to an end when Eve came to an earthly end? No, God promised more than this in His announcement. God is still the subject, enmity is still the object, and God is still speaking stating that He would be enmity between Satan’s seed and the woman’s seed
God was stating the all of the descendants of Eve would be at enmity with Satan. Only Eve’s descendants could come into consideration in this promise from God. Who of Eve’s descendants could come into enmity with Satan according to the purpose that God had in mind. A descendant led by God’s promise to trust in His saving grace. This requiring a change of heart could only bring Eve again to a true relationship with God. God had promised then in the Garden to bring this about. The seed of Eve, her descendants, God would put at enmity with Satan’s seed. Those would be the one’s the Lord would awaken in humble trust in His saving grace. They would be the believers.
Satan’s seed would be his demons, and the evil human beings who continue to live in rebellion against God. All who like Satan are active in destroying God’s redemptive work. Physical descendants of Satan’s seed is not in the discussion, as according to the words of Jesus in Matthew 22:30, “For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.” Satan is a fallen angel and therefore does not propagate. In Matthew 13:38 Jesus explains,” and the field is the world; and as for the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one;” Jesus also rebuked the Jewish leaders, Scribes and Pharisees, for their obstruction of God’s saving activity. In Matthew 23:33 we read, “”You serpents, you brood of vipers, how will you escape the sentence of hell?”
In 1 John 3:8-11 we read, “the one who practices sin is of the devil; for the devil has sinned from the beginning. The Son of God appeared for this purpose, to destroy the works of the devil. No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. By this the children of God and the children of the devil are obvious: anyone who does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor the one who does not love his brother. For this is the message which you have heard from the beginning, that we should love one another; not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother. And for what reason did he slay him? Because his deeds were evil, and his brother’s were righteous. Do not be surprised, brethren, if the world hates you.” Verses eight clearly states the sinner is of Satan, Satan who sinned from the beginning. Notice that John is speaking of the sin of Satan who sinned from the very beginning at the same time of God’s promise in the Garden of Eden. John further states the sons of God are manifested, and the sons of Satan also by whoever is unrighteous are followers of Satan. This point is further illustrated in verse twelve, “not as Cain, who was of the evil one and slew his brother”. Eve’s very first seed, Cain, because of his unbelief is said to be “of the evil one”.
John closes with an interesting statement, “Do not be surprised, brethren, if the world hates you.” This enmity between the seed of Eve and the seed of Satan is demonstrated in this verse. This enmity is the very dividing gulf between the children of God and an unbelieving world. It began with Cain’s hatred of believing Abel, and it is experienced by Christians today. Jesus spoke of this division in Luke 12:51 “Do you suppose that I came to grant peace on earth? I tell you, no, but rather division;”
The last statement in verse fifteen is directed to Satan. “And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”(KJV) The serpent will live on and it is Satan, not his seed, which shall strike the seed of Eve. God then told Satan that the seed of Eve would crush him on the head. The one outstanding descendant of Eve, the Holy champion and special representative of mankind, is the Savior, Jesus Christ, who is to come from the seed of Eve. Satan striking the heel of our Savior, as unbearable suffering as it was, was not a fatal blow, but Jesus crushing the head of Satan certainly is a fatal blow.
God had announced to Satan in the presence of Adam and Eve, who now was a fallen state, is this: One descendant of Eve, as the champion and representative of mankind, would win a victory over Satan and rob him of his power. Satan’s power is what he gained by deceiving our first parents. In winning this victory over Satan, our Lord inflicting complete defeat upon Satan, is the victory we have over Satan given to us by the grace of God through His Son Jesus.
This is the first promise of a Savior to save that which was lost in the Garden of Eden. A victory won by Jesus through His suffering and death upon the Roman cross. As God’s promise establishes enmity between the seed of woman and the seed of Satan, He must also be seen as providing the victory of woman’s seed over Satan.
The Lord in His faithful love laid disciplinary chastening upon the earthly lives of His fallen creatures in the interest of their salvation.
God continues to show His faithfulness of love towards His creation in the disciplinary chastening He placed on Eve and then Adam.
We read in verse sixteen, “To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply Your pain in childbirth, In pain you will bring forth children; Yet your desire will be for your husband, And he will rule over you.” This was not punishment, as punishment is that which God inflicts upon those as compensation in suffering for violating His divine majesty. This punishment flows out of God’s wrath against sin. All punishment now and to come is against those who have hardened their hearts to the truth of God’s Word and remain in their sin.
Chastening on the other hand is suffering which God inflicts in love in the interest of correction. In this age of God’s grace all suffering God sends upon sinners is meant as chastening. It serves the purpose of making mindful to man his sins and their deserved curses. It also shows man his helplessness before God so that he might take refuge in the grace of God proclaimed to him through the Gospel. God also sends suffering, as a chastening, to those who have come to faith and enjoy His forgiveness. This chastening is an aid to them in their struggle against their sinful flesh. His explanation is written in Hebrews 12:5-8 “and you have forgotten the exhortation which is addressed to you as sons, “My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, Nor faint when you are reproved by Him; For those whom the Lord loves He disciplines, And He scourges every son whom He receives.” It is for discipline that you endure; God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not discipline? But if you are without discipline, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate children and not sons.”
Before the fall into sin God told Adam and Eve to be fruitful and multiply. This was a blessing given to them. Now after the entrance of sin child bearing would be painful. It is a constant reminder of the consequences of sin.
In Eve’s fall to sin she disrupted God’s order. Eve manipulated Adam and brought him into her sin. Adam failed in his responsibility to be the head and followed Eve in full knowledge that he was disobeying God’s Word. In this act of Eve she sought independence from Adam but instead of her anticipated satisfaction she only brought pain and suffering upon herself for her sinful act. It was a futile, fateful effort at overthrowing God’s order of creation. The result was that Eve would still be subject to God’s order and it would remain in effect. Paul writes in 1 Corinthians 11:9 “for indeed man was not created for the woman’s sake, but woman for the man’s sake.” Sin did not change this order as God states in this verse, “Yet your desire will be for your husband, And he will rule over you.” Woman will never be fully satisfied without the comfort of her own husband. The pain of child birth and the constant longing for the comfort of her husband will always be a constant reminder of the consequences of sin.
God’s order of creation is perfectly explained in Ephesians 5:22-25, “Wives, be subject to your own husbands, as to the Lord. For the husband is the head of the wife, as Christ also is the head of the church, He Himself being the Savior of the body. But as the church is subject to Christ, so also the wives ought to be to their husbands in everything. Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her,”
God’s chastening of Adam was intended to keep alive in him the remembrance of the sin which he had consented to. In verse seventeen we read.
“Then to Adam He said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree about which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat from it’; Cursed is the ground because of you; In toil you will eat of it All the days of your life.”
Adam failed in his leadership role and submitted to the entreaties of Eve. As a reminder of Adam’s sinful default of his position he is now a subordinate. Adam would now be subordinate to the soil he once had dominion over.
From this time forward Adam would experience difficulty in securing his livelihood. The soil would still bear its fruits, but obtaining them will now be with much toil, difficulty, and misery. The ground too had been cursed by the sin of man. Man no longer being perfect would not receive the blessing of a perfect world. Man needed to fully aware of the wretchedness of sin. The world now was under the bondage of sin and corruption and this was for the sake of man that he would seek the refuge of God’s saving grace. Paul defines this in Roman 8:19-22, “For the anxious longing of the creation waits eagerly for the revealing of the sons of God. For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of Him who subjected it, in hope that the creation itself also will be set free from its slavery to corruption into the freedom of the glory of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groans and suffers the pains of childbirth together until now.”
We read further in verses eighteen and nineteen that it the midst of Adams toil in the field thorns and thistles would also grow robbing the quantity of his cultivations. That his labors would be hard and he shall labor until he returns to the ground from which he came.
In his faithful love God led Adam to faith and to an expression of his faith in God’s promise.
Genesis 3:20 “Now the man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all the living.”
In faith Adam gave his attention to the one comforting detail in God’s entire announcement. That Eve would have offspring and therefore become the mother of all life. The significant way that Moses recorded this passage leads one to believe Adam was referring to the promised victory over Satan, life before God in the midst of death. It is worth considering that this name was given closely after God’s announcement of physical death. Prior to this the name that Adam had given Eve was woman. Genesis 2:23 In demonstration of Adam’s faith he not only looks to the continuance of mankind through the motherhood of Eve but also the promised victory over Satan and death through the promised redeemer.
In His faithful love God clothed His fallen creatures appropriately in their shame.
Genesis 3:21 The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife, and clothed them.
God recognized Adam and Eve’s sense of shame as a vital wholesome purpose in mans realization that now he was a sinner. God provided clothing for Adam and Eve as a help in man’s struggle against sin and temptation. We must assume that God instructed man to slaughter the animals and take their skin for clothing.
In His faithful love God guarded His fallen creatures against the further evil of eating from the tree of life in their sinful state.
Genesis 3:22-24 “Then the LORD God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil; and now, he might stretch out his hand, and take also from the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”– therefore the LORD God sent him out from the garden of Eden, to cultivate the ground from which he was taken. So He drove the man out; and at the east of the garden of Eden He stationed the cherubim and the flaming sword which turned every direction to guard the way to the tree of life.”
Again we see in this scripture the reference, “like one of Us” further lending evidence of the Godhead. One God yet three separate persons, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, equal in essence, power, and glory.
Satan had seduced Eve in believing that if she ate of the tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil that she would become like God. God now states that man has become “like one of Us” in gaining knowledge of good and evil. Man’s new state saddens God in that his knowledge of good is that of something he has lost. And man’s knowledge of evil now has broken his relationship with God and enslaved him by nature, a battle he must now fight continuously as he is brought back to God’s gospel promise.
Man had sought to become like God, which he had but in a perverted sense. Instead of being free in his independence man became a slave to evil. God is good and hates that which is evil, Satan is evil and hates that which is good. By man’s fall to a sinful nature he placed himself in the middle of this fight against spiritual wickedness. God seeing this sad outcome was moved to put man out of the Garden of Eden. For man this was a consequence of his fall to evilness. Yet it was God’s love that moved Him to cast man out. Man was not prepared to eat of the Tree of Life and live forever, as now man was stained by his sin nature. If sinful man had eaten of the Tree of Life God’s gospel plan would not have redeemed him because man would not have realized the need for salvation.
Man needs to hear the gospel message, and accept the free gift of God’s grace of salvation through the blood of Jesus Christ. This is the only way for man to be restored to his original unbroken relationship with God. Once this is done by man’s acceptance of Jesus, the Son of God, as the way to the Father then man will be able to eat of the fruit of the Tree of Life. Revelation 2:7 “He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will grant to eat of the tree of life which is in the Paradise of God.”